Meet Carol Topp, CPA in South Texas Feb 25-27, 2020

I’m excited to visit south Texas in February 2020 and get to meet and speak to homeschool leaders in San Antonio, Austin and Houston!

San Antonio: Tuesday February 25, 2020
from 7:00 to 8:30 pm
on the lovely grounds of
Family Educators Alliance of South Texas (FEAST)
7735 Mockingbird Lane • San Antonio, TX • 78229
Register here for San Antonio

Austin: Wednesday February 26, 2020
from 6:30-9:15 pm
at
Calvary Worship Center (North Austin, close to TX 45 & N Mopac Expy)
14901 Burnet Road
Austin, TX 78728 
More information and to RSVP for Austin

Houston: Thursday February 27, 2020
from 6:30-9:15 pm
at
University Baptist Church  (Chapel area)
16106 Middlebrook Dr
Houston, TX 77059  
More information and to RSVP for Houston

The San Antonio event is sponsored by Family Educators Alliance of South Texas and the Austin and Houston events are sponsored by Texas Homeschool Coalition with much appreciation!


Each event will have:

  • A brief session presented by Carol Topp, CPA, the HomeschoolCPA on “Topp Tips for Running a Homeschool Organization”
  • A Town Hall session for you to ask question and get advice from other homeschool leaders
  • Q&A time with Carol Topp, CPA
  • A chance to look at HomeschoolCPA’s books
  • An opportunity to be encouraged by other leaders who understand you!
  • A shot in the arm much needed at this point in the year
  • Professional advice on finances, legal structures, taxes, employees, insurance, etc.

I hope to see you in San Antonio, Austin or Houston!

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Flowchart for Starting a Nonprofit

While helping a homeschool organization in Washington, I found a nice 44 page book from WA state on forming a nonprofit.

https://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/charities/training/starting-a-nonprofit-pdf.pdf

I really liked the flowchart on page 5. It has steps to take at the State level, the Federal level, with people, planning milestones and operations milestones.
Many tasks can be some simultaneously. Some must come after another. The flowchart shows all that!

It’s a lot to digest, but it puts all the important steps in one flowchart!

I created a checklist to apply for 501c3 tax exempt status. It is sequential; it doesn’t show that many tasks can be simultaneous, but it should still be very helpful.

If you’d like helping starting a nonprofit or apply for 501c3 tax exempt status, my webinars will help !

I have several services to help homeschool groups apply for 501c3 status.

Or you can arrange a phone consultation with me.

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Only two more days to get Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners for free

Taxes for running your tutoring business, homeschool business or CC Community can be so confusing!  I have a book that can help.

Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners

Over 700 tutors, directors and teachers have downloaded the ebook so far. Here’s what they say:

Thank you so much for the tax resources you put out there, it’s been super helpful for me as a director of our CC Homeschool campus! -Jessica

As we do our taxes this year I am thankful for your knowledge and being willing to share it. I GUARANTEE many women WEREN’T doing their taxes correctly. -Julie

This ebook is a great resource for:

  • Coaches, musicians, artists, etc. hired to teach at a homeschool program
  • Tutors or teachers for a homeschool program paid as an Independent Contractor
  • Classical Conversations®Directors
  • CC tutors

The ebook was FREE in January 2020. Now the ebook is available for $10.

The ebook is 60 pages long and contains information on

Business Start Up including LLC status
Tax Deductions and Tax Forms
Sample Tax Returns
Self Employment Tax
Paying Yourself and Paying Others
Businesses Using Churches
Should My Homeschool Program Be a Nonprofit?

I hope you find the ebook helpful!

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Do we file 1099s for teachers before we are a 501c3?

We board members just want to clarify something about issuing the 1099 to our five paid teachers. Do we need to wait until we have our 501(3)(c) status before we issue them?

In your book Paying Workers in a Homeschool Organization,  Chapter 3, you wrote about the difference between an independent contractor and a worker. I had a hard time trying to classify which one it would be for our teachers. Three of our teachers are former homeschool moms, one is a former homeschool student, and one is a single lady who has taught a variety of classes over the years. They really don’t have any expenses, but if they do, they get reimbursed for them. Is this enough information for you to tell me which category they fall under?

Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions,
Lisa

Dear Lisa,
You should not wait until your organization has 501c3 tax exempt status to issue the 1099-MISCs.

As soon as it formed as a nonprofit corporation, your homeschool group could legally start running your program, paying workers, etc.

As a matter of fact, your homeschool group is REQUIRED to file the 1099-MISC if it paid any individual more than $600 for their services in 2019.

That’s a requirement whether an organization has 501c3 tax exempt status or not.


To prepare your IRS Form 1099-MISC, I recommend Yearli.com. I’ve used them for years. It’s fast, easy, inexpensive ($4.99 per 1099-MISC) and all online, so there are no paper forms to mail!

If you use my Yearli referral link, you receive a 15% discount and I get a small referral fee. https://mbsy.co/rzrbp

Making a worker determination can be confusing. Unfortunately, I cannot determine if your teachers are Independent Contractors or employees from what you explained.

Since you have my book, Paying Workers in a Homeschool Organization, look at Chapter 3 and pay close attention to page 44 where I discuss workers who provide the key activity of the business.  It is a key factor that the IRS (and now states like California) uses in determining that your homeschool teachers are probably employees.

This blog post may help as well: Why I think most homeschool teachers should be paid as employees

I do offer a phone consultations to help you determine if your homeschool organization’s workers are employee or independent contractors. Worker Classification Consultation.
The phone call will be followed up with an email containing a fact-based determination and information to help you take the next steps. My fee for this consultation is $100/hour. Typically 1-1.5 hours. 

Please contact me to schedule a phone consultation.

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Do I Give Classical Conversations a 1099-MISC?

Carol Topp starts a new feature on her Homeschool Leader podcast: Q&A with HomeschoolCPA. 

In this first Q&A session, she is asked by a Classical Conversations® Director of she needs to give Classical Conversations® Corporation a 1099-MISC for the licensing fees she pays them.

It’s an excellent question and Carol Topp, CPA explains the purpose of the 1099-MISC, who needs to get one, and why.


In the podcast Carol mentioned an online service she uses to prepare her 1099-MISC statements, Yearli.com.  If you use this referral link you save 15% and Carol makes a small commission.


In the podcast Carol mentioned her book Paying Workers in a Homeschool Organization. This 130 page book covers paying workers as employees or independent contractors. It includes sample forms, tips, and advice to help you pay workers in accordance with the IRS laws to help your organization pay their workers correctly. Written specifically for homeschool organizations and businesses.


CC Directors and tutors may find Carol’s latest book Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners to be useful this tax season.

And she’s giving it away for free, but only in January 2020!

The ebook is 60 pages long and contains information on:

  • Business Start Up
  • LLC status
  • Tax Deductions
  • Tax Forms
  • Sample Tax Returns
  • Self Employment Tax
  • Paying Yourself
  • Paying Others
  • Businesses Using Churches
  • Should My Homeschool Program Be a Nonprofit?

This ebook is a great resource for:

  • Tutors or teachers for a homeschool program paid as an Independent Contractor
  • Classical Conversations®Directors
  • CC tutors
  • Coaches, musicians, artists, etc. hired to teach at a homeschool co-op

Get your copy of the ebook Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners today Homeschoolcpa.com/TAXESHSBIZ

Good, easy and cheap. Your homeschool program cannot offer all three!

Shelly wants to offer a high quality, low cost homeschool program that doesn’t require parents to volunteer.

I told her the bad news: “You cannot offer all three.”

She can’t and you can’t either!

Business success (and failure) prove it:

McDonald’s provides fast food very quickly at a fairly reasonable price; But you have to admit the quality is not the best. They offer two things consumers want, but not all three.

Another example could be Starbuck’s coffee.  At Starbuck’s they offer high quality coffee drinks provided quickly, but we know that it’s not cheap! 

Or how about MoviePass which allows you to go to a movie theater once a day for $9.95/month, or see three movies a month for $7.95. It’s cheap, convenient and high quality (these are first run movies, not oldies!)  Is Movie Pass able to offer all three! Nope! MoviePass is having serious financial problems. It is losing $40 million a month, and those loses are expected to increase. Their attempt to offer all three is crushing them and they are on the road to failure.

How does this apply to homeschool groups?

Your group can offer two of the three things that homeschool families may want:

High quality: maybe small classes, qualified, caring teachers, fun enrichment classes or rigorous academic classes

Low Cost: Affordable prices, low fees, maybe even free!

Convenient: No time commitment from the parents, maybe even a drop-off-the-kids-and-leave option for homeschool parents who need to work.

Many homeschool co-ops offer quality and low cost but have a requirement that the parents stay in the building and help by teaching or serving in a classroom or other jobs. Hence the name “cooperative.” The parents keep the cost low by cooperating together to run the classes.

A tutorial program might offer academic classes taught by highly qualified teachers with no volunteer commitment for the parents, but it will not come cheap. The tuition may approach that of private schools.

 

Shelley wanted all three (drop off academic classes at a low price) and I explained that she could not sustain the program unless she either charged more or started requiring the parents to volunteer.

“But many parents can’t pay more,” she complained to me. “And they work, so they need the drop off feature. They can’t stay and volunteer.”

She had 3 options:

  1. Find other sources of funding including fundraisers, donations and grants.
  2. Require parents to volunteer. This was going to be be very difficult since Shelly was having problems even recruiting board members to meet once a  month!
  3. Close the program and start over. The expectations of the parents was so entrenched that they should get drop-off classes at a low fee, there was no changing that! The entire program needed an overhaul.

My book Money Management in a Homeschool Organization has a chapter on fundraisers for homeschool groups.

Money Management in a Homeschool Organization available here

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners

Are you a tutor, teacher or CC director of a homeschool business? You might be very confused about your taxes.

Carol Topp, the HomeschoolCPA, has a book for you!

In this podcast episode Carol explains who the ebook is for: tutors, CC Directors, teachers in a homeschool program, and coaches, musicians, artists, etc. hired to teach at a homeschool co-op.

Get your copy of the ebook Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners today.

Homeschoolcpa.com/TAXESHSBIZ

Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners ebook

I am pleased and proud to announce my latest book, Taxes for Homeschool Business Owners!
Read more here.


I wrote this book because I have spoken and emailed with so many homeschool business owners that are confused about their taxes. This is my attempt to keep you put of trouble with the IRS!

Thank you so much for the tax resources you put out there, it’s been super helpful for me as a director of our CC Homeschool campus! -Jessica


The ebook is 60 pages long and contains information on

  • Business Start Up
  • LLC status
  • Tax Deductions
  • Tax Forms
  • Sample Tax Returns
  • Self Employment Tax
  • Paying Yourself
  • Paying Others
  • Businesses Using Churches
  • Should My Homeschool Program Be a Nonprofit?

This ebook is a great resource for:

  • Tutors or teachers for a homeschool program paid as an Independent Contractor
  • Classical Conversations(R) Directors
  • CC tutors
  • Coaches, musicians, artists, etc. hired to teach at a homeschool co-op

As we do our taxes this year I am thankful for your knowledge and being willing to share it. I GUARANTEE many women WEREN’T doing their taxes correctly. -Julie


Please do not share the ebook file with other people or post the ebook file on the internet. If you know someone who would be helped by the book, please send them to this page and they can purchase their own copy.
Share this link: HomeschoolCPA.com/TAXESHSBIZ


I hope you find the ebook helpful this tax season!

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

End of Year Tasks for Nonprofit Homeschool Groups

Happy New Year! In the new and out with the old.

But wait! Not so fast!

There are several tasks a nonprofit homeschool group needs to do to finish out the prior year before forging ahead.

1. Wage Form W-2 to employees by January 31st:  Your treasurer should furnish Form W-2 to employees who worked for your organization during the past year by Jan 31st.
The cover sheet for the W-2s, called a transmittal form W-3 transmittal form is due the end of January as well.

2. Independent Contractor Form 1099-MISC are also due January 31. Provide a Form 1099-MISC to individuals paid $600 or more in 2019 for performing a service for your nonprofit. Like the W-2s, the 1099s have a cover page, Form 1096 transmittal form that is also due by Jan 31st.

In 2020, the IRS will be replacing the 1099-MISC for non-employee compensation with a separate form called 1099-NEC. It will be used in early 2021 to report 2020 payments to independent contractors. Click here to see the IRS draft.

PaperW-2s and 1099-MISCs are a nuisance to fill in and mail, so do what I do and file online.
I used a service called Yearli.com for years. They are fast, easy and inexpensive.
Check them out! https://mbsy.co/rzrbp
Using this link gets you a 15% discount and (full disclosure) I make a small commission.

The start of a new year is a great time to determine if your workers should be classified as an employee or independent contractor.

Worker misclassification is a serious issue and can cause significant financial hardship and has caused several businesses to close. Penalties for misclassifying a worker as an independent contractor are very stiff and strictly enforced so now is a good of time to make sure every one of your workers are properly classified. Read more here

My book Paying Workers in a Homeschool Organization will help to determine if a worker is an Independent Contractor or employee.

For more specific advice, I offer a Worker Classification Consultation.


3. Contribution statements for donations your nonprofit received in 2019. A donation is recorded when it is received even if you don’t deposit the check until the new year. The only exception to that rule is if you receive a check in the mail and the envelope is dated December 31st or before. You can count that as a donation in 2019.
Your contributions statements to donors should be mailed in January so donors can prepare their tax returns.

Those tasks will keep your treasurer (or hired bookkeeper) pretty busy in January!

If you’re needing bookkeeper, I recommend Mary Musick, CPA (inactive) and current homeschool mom. Mary runs a bookkeeping service and can help your homeschool nonprofit with bookkeeping and payroll. Her email is hfbkkpg@gmail.com.

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders

Merry Christmas 2019! Don’t plan on getting a lot done!

Topp family in Zion National Park, Utah August 2019

Merry Christmas from HomeschoolCPA and the entire Topp family! The photo was taken in August 2019 on our family vacation to Zion National Park in Utah. What an amazing, beautiful place. We loved the time we spent there.

I hope you have a restful, peaceful holiday.

Are you like me and think, “I’ve got some time off (from homeschooling, running a homeschool group, work, etc.), so I’ll get a lot done!” but you never do?

I always think I will get so much done on my Christmas break. My list this year includes:

  1. Organize my basement so I can have a real studio to paint and draw.
  2. Read novels, nonfiction books, and a required textbook for my CPA license continuing education.
  3. Catch up on blog posts and podcast episodes for this site (and a few others sites I manage).
  4. Take an online classes (in colored pencil drawing my new hobby).
  5. Prepare emails, blog posts, tweets for a new book I am releasing in January. 🙂

Who am I kidding? I’d be lucky to start two of these tasks and get one of these tasks finished!

Why can I not get everything done that I plan over a break?

Well, it’s because my husband is off work and my adult daughters hang out at our house a lot during the holidays.

So the real reason I don’t get a lot done is that getting stuff done is NOT the point of a holiday break.

The point is to rest, recharge, and spend time with my loved ones!

So I plan to do that and let the list be replaced with this task:

Rest and spend time with my family.

I wish you and your family a restful, peaceful Christmas and New Year. Just don’t expect to get a lot done! 🙂

Carol Topp, CPA
HomeschoolCPA.com
Helping Homeschool Leaders